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Main heading: The Music of Gustav Mahler: A Catalogue of Manuscript and Printed Sources [rule] Paul Banks

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1

In mid-July Mahler asked Hertzka to also send a Korrecturexemplar of the Second Symphony (GMBsV, UE20, 223). He had probably omitted it from his original list because he had already supplied a copy with recent revisions, in June 1909 (see II, APFpr).

 

2

A score of the First Symphony, produced in exactly the same way, and bearing the same annotation and date on the front wrapper also survives (see I, APF5). A more extended discussion of the chronology of the late revisions to the Fourth Symphony, is offered in a separate note. For an alternative interpretation of the dates on APF3 see B&HIV, 141, 146, source BP2GM5.

 

3

In one respect the English translation (in ESUAE), is misleading: in the description of the discovery of these proofs at UE it silently substitutes 'some time ago' in the translation of 'Bei einer Sichtung...die kurzlich vorgenommen wurde'. The article was originally published in the March/April 1929 issue of Pult und Taktstock. So they probably came to light  c.1927–28.

 

 

   

 

Symphony No. 4 – Printed Editions

 

Full score

Study scores

Miniature scores

Orchestral parts

Vocal score

Arranged for piano duet

J.V.v.Wöss

 

Arrangements for piano, 2 hands

Third movement (abridged) – arr. by Ernst Rudolf

Fourth movement (complete) – arr. by Ernst Rudolf 

 

 Arrangement for salon/small Orchestra

First movement – arr. by Arnold Wilke

Third movement – arr. by Emil Bauer

 

 

  PRINTED FULL SCORES

APFpr1

 

FIRST EDITION, PROOFS WITH AUTOGRAPH CORRECTIONS – [Vienna: Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger, 1901]

        Location: CH-Bsacher
        Provenance: Ex coll. Albi Rosenthal, London
       

Facsimiles: pp. 67, 107 (Gustav Mahler, Symphony No. 4, ed. Hans F. Redlich (Mainz: Schott/Eulenburg, 1966)), xxix-xxx.

       

Select bibliography: SWIVb (=source B); B&HIV, 141, 146 (= source BP0GM1); see also Gustav Mahler, Symphony No. 4, ed. Hans F. Redlich (Mainz: Schott/Eulenburg, 1966), xxvi.

       

Plate printed on both sides of single sheets; bound but the current binding not earlier than 16 July 1911 (date of binding material clearly visible).

In at least one instance these revisions posed a challenge for the engravers: as the facsimile of p. 67 reveals, one of Mahler's revisions was the doubling of the double-bass part in b. 246–51 by contrabassoon, the part for which he notated in ink on a hand-drawn stave above the top system of p. 67 (bb. 246–50), and on the empty printed contrabassoon stave at the start of the second system (bb. 251–52). The outline of the plate is visible on the facsimile and it is clear that addition of a new stave for the contrabassoon, between those for clarinets and harp, in the upper system, would have been impossible. The expedient adopted was to designate the bottom stave of the system Ctrfag u. Cb. / unisono (see also the further discussion of this under PS1 below).

     
PF1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger, [1902]
     

Title Page: [See facsimile: brown on cream] SYMPHONIE / in / G Dur № 4 / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / [scroll] // [left:] Partitur...netto / Orchester-Stimmen...netto [blank] // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 / ms | arrangiert von J.V.von Wöss netto // [centre:] Sopran Solo: “Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / (“Des Knaben Wunderhorn”) für Gesang und Klavier. netto / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / [in border:] WIEN, LUDWIG DOBLINGER. / [below border:] (Bernhard Herzmansky) / I. Dorotheergasse 10. / Deposé à Paris. London, Ent. Sta.Hall. / Leipzig K.F.Köhler. / [double rule] / Musikaliendruckerei v.Jos. Eberle & C, Wien.VII.

       

Wrapper: [As title page, but brown on mottled green]

       

Analysis: [1]= tp; [2]=Orchester-Besetzung; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank

       

Dimensions: 334 x 255 (r = 236)

        Watermark: none
       

Printer: Stich der Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & C, Wien.VII. [tp]; Stich und Druck von Jos. Eberle & C, Wien VII. [p. 3]

       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: i.1902    Price: Mk 30 *n.

       

Edition number: none    Plate number: [2]=G.M. 31; 3–125=31

       

Copies: A-Wigmg N/IV/18, N/IV/19; D-B 174821 (not seen); GB-Lbl h. 3965a.(2) (bound copy, no wrappers, red stamp: 18 FE 1905); GB-Lbbc 9349; GB-Lpc (bound copy, ex coll. Fritz Müller); US-STu MLM 632 (ex coll. Richard Specht); US-Wc M1001.M21 No.4; US-NYp JMG 85-546; US-NYpm 113741 (James Fuld Collection); US-NYnypo 2175 (Leonard Bernstein's copy: [This has manuscript revisions reflecting both the 1905 revisions and Mahler's final revisions of 1911 so may need a separate note.]

        Select bibliography: SWIVb = EA; RSGMWI, no. 33/I, p. 67; B&HIV, 141, 147 (= source P1)
       

Registered with the Verein der deutschen Musikhändler on 4.i.1902. It was advertised, together with the piano duet arrangement and the vocal score of the last movement in the Neue frei Presse on 19th January 1902:

Mahler sent a copy of this edition (together with piano arrangements of other works) to William Ritter on 31 December 1901 (postmarked 2 January 1902) (GMUB, 145; GMUBE, 141).

       
APF1     FIRST EDITION, WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS [c. 1904]
        Copy: NL-DHnmi Mengelberg Stichting 436a.
       

Select bibliography: GMWL, I.33–34 (transcription and English translations of a selection of Mengelberg's annotations)

       

Mahler's relatively sparse and hasty annotations are mainly concerned with articulation, scoring and tempo; Mengelberg's notes, as always, are of considerable interest in both practical terms and interpretative insight.

         
APF2     FIRST EDITION, WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS [1905]
       

A-Gk Sign. 272

        Select bibliography: GNZG, MIS, 8.116.1, p. 343; HLGIII, 257.
       

The autograph revisions were entered in a copy of the score used for the first performance of the work in Steiermark, conducted by Richard Wickenhauser in Graz on 3 November 1905; these anticipate to some extent those incorporated in PS1 (1906).

         
CPF     FIRST EDITION, WITH COPYIST'S REVISIONS
       

US-NYnyp2175 (ex coll. Leonard Bernstein)

        Select bibliography:
       

The copy incorporates two sets of undated ink revisions that appear to have been made by the same person.  A note on the title page seems unambiguous:

Although the source of those entered in green is ostensibly identified precisely (a new printing of the full score was ordered in November 1920 (PF2b)), the source of the red revisions, is not. Moreover there are other annotations in the score in different hands, some evidently of a practical nature (e.g. bar numbers), but others that, like the ink corrections, help to bring the score more in line with PF2 and, more crucially, with Mahler's last revisions in APFpr2. Only an employee of UE or Waldheim-Eberle would have had access to that score and also the date of the PF2b order, so the original ink layers may have been prepared (rather haphazardly) after Erwin Stein rediscovered APFpr2 at the UE offices in the late 1920s (ESUA; ESUAE).

         
PF1a     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1910]
       

Copies: copy offered for sale in Catalogue 65 of Musikantiquariat Dr Ulrich Drüner (2009), no. 44 (with a facsimile of the title page).

       

A copy of PF1, with “UNIVERSAL-EDITION” stickers over the Doblinger imprint on the title page and wrapper. The UE Verlagsbuch indicates that the company received what were presumably the remaining 204 copies of the Eberle/Doblinger edition of the full score on 17 November 1910; a new UE edition was not issued until 1912, and the stickers were presumably added to the old stock for sale in the meantime. The font used for the sticker is ornately serifed: most Universal-Edition paste-overs use a sans-serif font, but for another example of the type used on this copy, see Symphony No. 2, PF1c (with facsimile). The catalogue description makes no reference to revisions entered in black ink (see CPF1a below).

         
CPF1a     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, WITH COPYIST'S REVISIONS Vienna: Universal-Edition, [after 1910]
        Copies: GB-O (Peter Franklin Collection).
       

On both the front wrapper and the title-page the publisher's imprint has a UNIVERSAL-EDITION sticker (gold lettering (sans serif) on black) pasted over it.

This copy has three layers of markings: neat black ink revisions (in some cases, on fragments of manuscript paper pasted over the original text) that bring the music text into line with PF2; and blue pencil and red pencil conductor's markings.

The revisions, the majority of which occur in the first two movements, have been made with care and only four of Mahler's changes were not incorporated (presumably an oversight):

Movement Page Bar(s) Part
1 28–9 218–20 vn I, vn II, vla, vcl
2 48 35–6 bsn 1
2 67 251–52 cbsn
2 75 358 cl 2

The circumstances under which this careful revision was undertaken are unclear, but two scenarios come to mind:

a) That they were incorporated in-house by Universal-Edition between late 1910 (by which time Mahler's 1910 revisions were in the hands of UE (see APF3)) and mid-1912 when the first printing of PF2 was ordered. The contract covering UE's acquisition in 1910 of the rights to those works by Mahler originally assigned to EWZG required that prior to the publication of new editions of the first four symphonies, existing scores or parts offered for sale or hire by UE had to be revised in black ink to conform with the revised copies Mahler had supplied.

b) These revisions were transferred from a copy of PF2 by or for the owner of the score (presumably a conductor).

     
[PF1c]     FIRST EDITION, LATER ISSUE [Vienna, Universal-Edition, 1910]
        Edition number: not recorded    Plate number: 31
        Copy: no location specified
        Select bibliography: SWIVb = C
       

SWIVb considers this to be a 'later edition', but it is impossible to identify this source from the wholly inadequate description that is provided:

Ein spätere Auflage der inzwischen in die Universal-Edition übernommenen Symphonie, die durch Korrekturen auf den alten Platten Abweichungen gegenüber der EA aufweist, jedoch noch immer mit der Plattennummer 31 versehen ist.

A later edition of the Symphony which in the meantime had been acquired by Universal-Edition, and which, because of corrections made to the old plates exhibits variants in comparison to the first edition, but retains the plate number 31 throughout.

None of the source descriptions in SWIVb give any details of size, so this could be a reference to the first edition of the study score (PS1), which is otherwise not alluded to in the Editorial Report. On the other hand, given the carelessness in evidence here, it is possible that this is a reference to a copy of PF1a; if so, this would suggest that some copies in full score format were printed after the plates had been revised during the production of the study score, and that the copy described was part of such stock delivered to Universal-Edition, and provided with a UE label to cover the original imprint.

[Need to have a look at the text of PF1 and PS1 (see the sample list below) to identify differences, and then look at copies with the UE paste over on the wrappers, since it is possible that Doblinger issued a second batch after the plates had been revised for PS1.]

     
APF3     FIRST EDITION, WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS [1910]
        Edition number: none    Plate number: 31
       

Copy: A-Wn L17.IGMG.9. Mus R/Leihgabe17/9 

       

Select bibliography: SWIVb = D; B&HIV, 141, 146 (= source BP2GM5)

       

Previously A-Wigmg, N/IV/112, this Correktur-Partitur was created by pulling single-sided proofs from the original plates (size (approx): 295 x 226mm (r=231)) as modified for PS1 and pasting them together in pairs to make double-sided sheets; these were then stitched together and bound in black-covered boards. This must have seemed a sensible way of proceeding, as it ensured that Mahler's working text was the most up-to-date printed version of the score. (The muddle that could be caused when the composer and publisher worked from an already superseded score is well illustrated by the history of the second edition of the full score of the Fifth Symphony.)

In the early summer of 1910 Universal-Edition (which in 1909 had signed a contract with Mahler for the Eighth Symphony) negotiated the acquisition of all the works Mahler has assigned to EWZG – including the first four symphonies and the Wunderhornlieder – and Mahler (advised and assisted by Emil Freund) negotiated a new contract for these and future works with the director of U.E., Emil Hertzka. During this process Mahler evidently requested Korrektur-Partituren of the First, Third and Fourth Symphonies,¹ probably early in July, and asked Freund to ensure that U.E. agreed (GMBsV, 221):

  • that all his revisions and corrections would made on the plates of all scores and parts;

  • that while the existing stocks of scores and parts of these works were still being offered for sale, it (U.E.) would be responsible, at its own cost, for having the revisions handwritten in black ink in all such material.

It was presumably in response to this request that APF3 was prepared and sent to Mahler, but the chronology is at present uncertain. There are three dates on the document itself:

  1. The front wrapper label, black ink: Mahler IV. Symphonie. / Partitur. / Korr. Explar 13./7.10
          Probably the date that the three Correkturpartituren were sent to Mahler.²

  2. Between lines 2 and 3 of the above, in another hand, pencil: Erledigt 19/1 1911
          
    probably refers to the date the Correkturpartitur of the Fourth Symphony and the proofs
          pulled from the revised plates were received back from Waldhem-Eberle

  3. Rubber stamps on p. 1, red ink: „Universal-Edition“ A.-G. / Wien / 11.10.10. / Zur Korrektur
         
    The date the Correkturpartitur revised by Mahler was sent to Waldheim-Eberle as the
         printer's copy for the revision of the plates.

Each double sheet is rubber-stamped: DER UNIVERSAL-EDITION A.G. ARCHIV. The proofs retained the original plate number – 31 – though a note on p. 1 stipulates that this should be replaced with U.E. 2944 on all plates. Mahler's corrections are in red ink and red and blue crayon; in-house corrections are in blue crayon and pencil.  There was at least one accompanying sheet (now missing) clarifying a correction  to the horn parts in b. 87 of the first movement; others are clipped or pasted in. On another loose sheet which does survive, Wöss overrules Mahler:

U.E. 2944.

NB Mahler streicht im I. Satz bei dem oft vorkommenden / Rhythmus Graphic image showing the beamed four-note group (quaver, semi-quaver, semi-quaver rest, two quavers) with the central beam deleted häufig den mittelern Teil des Balkens. /

Der Balkon kann an allen diesen Fallen bleiben, / also Graphic image showing the beamed four-note group (quaver, semi-quaver, semi-quaver rest, two quavers) with the central beam retained / Wöss

The bulk of Mahler's revisions concern the first movement, and the first 260 bars of the slow movement show very few changes; on the other hand page, 99 required a new plate: this was already a very cramped page because of the decision to include two systems, and Mahler's addition of two bars (330–31) for bass clarinet exacerbated the problem, resulting in a cramped graphic image strikingly at odds with the spaciousness of the music.

Major changes to plates:

p. 19: top system has been reengraved; etc.

     
    SECOND EDITION, FIRST PROOFS, WITH AUTOGRAPH REVISIONS [1911]
APFpr2       A-Wn L17.IGMG.11 Mus R/Leihgabe 17/11
        Edition number: none present    Plate number: U.E. 2944
        Copy: A-Wn L17.IGMG.11 Mus R/Leihgabe 17/11  
        Select bibliography: SWIVa = E; SWIVb = EF; B&HIV, 141, 147 (= source BP3GM6)
       

Previously A-Wigmg, N/IV/116, this set of proofs prints arrived in New York in early February 1911: Mahler acknowledged its receipt on 10th, a few days before the onset of his final illness. It embodies the revisions made in APF3, with further autograph corrections and revisions made by Mahler during and after his last rehearsals and performances of the work January-February 1911. The sheets are contained in a folder (presumably provided by the IGMG) with a label, annotated by Erwin Ratz: Mahler, IV. Symphonie (letzte Fassung); the two boards are now separated.

The proofs are made up of sheets printed from plates on one side only and glued together in pairs and then stapled together in four gatherings (some double sheets are now detached). Brown paper sheets were included in the first and fourth gatherings to form an outer cover. The front cover – now detached – has a red ink annotation by Alma Mahler: Director Hertzka / c/o Universal-Edition / Wien I / Wipplingerstrasse 32. Each double sheet is rubber-stamped: DER UNIVERSAL-EDITION A.G. ARCHIV. Mahler's corrections are in red crayon and red ink.

The revisions made by Mahler in APF3 had involved major changes to plates, most notably those for pp. 19 and 41, which had to be partially re-engraved, and the plate to p. 99, which was replaced. No doubt to the exasperation of Wöss and his engravers, in a few instances Mahler restores a reading he changed in APF3 (e.g. I, b. 10, bsn;  b. 44, hns 2/4; II, b. 206–7, va; III: b. 277, bsn I, II; bb. 316–7, fl 3–4, hn, cb). For a complete list of Mahler's revisions made in this copy, see JZMF, 167–81.

The proofs were sent to UE by Alma Mahler after Mahler's death, but for some reason, and despite the fact that Erwin Stein (an employee of the firm) had published a short report on these final revisions in 1929 (see ESUA³)  they were not incorporated into any reprint of the score before the IGMG edition of 1963. See also CPF2 below.

         
PF2   SECOND EDITION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1912]
       

Title Page: [Black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN.-LEIPZIG

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper: lilac decorative border on light green, text in black] [In top shield:] ·UNIVERSAL–EDITION· / [in next shield:] № 2944 / [in main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / G DUR / [left:] SOL MAJEUR [right:] G MAJOR / PARTITUR [back wrapper, black text on light green:  advert for works by Mahler published by UE]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=blank; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank.
        Dimensions: 338 x 257 (r = 236)
        Watermark: none present   
        Printer: Druckerei- und Verlags-Aktiengesellschaft vorm. R.v. Waldheim – Jos. Eberle & C, [p. 125]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2944    Plate number: U.E. 2944    Advert date: IX.1912
        Print ordered: 18.ix.1912    Copies received: 08.x.1912   Print run: 40
       

Copies: GB-Lbl Hirsch M. 999 (bound copy, with wrappers); US-NYph 443 (though this may exhibit bibliographic differences: check); GB-Su MS 22 (73-032751) (ex coll. Alma Mahler).

        Select bibliography: RSGMWI, no. 33/III, p. 67 (misdated)
       

This edition transmits Mahler's penultimate version of 1910, as embodied in APF3, not his final revisions from 1911. It was this edition that was reprinted by Boosey & Hawkes in 1943 (HPS 581), and by Dover in 1989.  [Incorporate facsimiles]

       
PF2a     SECOND EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1917]
        Print ordered: 02.xi.1916    Copies received: 17.ii.1917 Print run: 51
        Copies: no copies identified
       

The GB-Lpc copy listed under PF2b may in fact be a copy of PF2a.

       
PF2b     SECOND EDITION, THIRD IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1921]
       

Title page: [See facsimile: black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / DROITS D'ÉXÉCUTION RÉSERVÉS. / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN - LEIPZIG

       

Wrapper: [See facsimile: lilac decorative border on light green, text in black] [In top shield:] ·UNIVERSAL–EDITION· / [in next shield:] № 2944 / [in main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / G DUR / SOL MAJEUR G MAJOR / PARTITUR / PARTITION  SCORE

        Analysis: [1]=tp, [2]=Orchester-Besetzung, 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank.
        Dimensions: 330 x 248 (r = 238) [GB-Lam 090580: 324 x 245 (r = 238½)]
        Watermark: none present   
        Printer: Stich u. Druck der Waldheim=Eberle A.G. [p. 125]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Print ordered: 19.xi.1920    Copies received: 17.i.1921   Print run: 94
       

Copies: A-Wn MS18640-4º (Pflichtexemplar, listed: Pfl. (K.) Z:895/31); GB-Lam 090580 (bound copy, no wrappers, Otto Klemperer Collection; conductor's annotations (not all by Klemperer) [re-examine this]; GB-Lpc (ex coll. Städtische Orchester Magdeburg; bound and lacking rear wrapper: this may be a copy of PF2a); US-NYph 6193 (lacks wrappers, so date of publication uncertain; conductors' annotations).

       

The UE Verlagsbuch records no further orders of the full score.

         
CPF2a     SECOND EDITION, WITH MAHLER'S FINAL CORRECTIONS [c. 1929?]
        Dimensions: 325 x 247 (r = 237)
        Watermark: none present   
        Edition number: none present    Plate number: 2944
       

Copies: A-Wn L17.IGMG.10 R/Leihgabe 17/10

        Select bibliography: not described in SWIVb; B&HIV, 141, 147 (= source BP4)
       

Previously A-Wigmg, N/IV/113, this score is bound in a thick, blue-card cover with a hand-written title on the front: Gustav Mahler / [centre:] IV. Symphonie // [right:]  (nach Korrekturen / von G. Mahler) // [centre:] Partitur / (Ausgabe letzter Hand); it is stamped at the foot of the cover UNIVERSAL-EDITION / WIEN-NEW YORK.

This is a complete proof copy (pp. [1]–125); not pulled directly from the plates) of the text of the second edition, with manuscript annotations and paste-overs in black ink (possibly by Erwin Stein) incorporated almost all of the corrections and revisions Mahler made in January–February 1911 (APF3). In addition there are a few conductor's annotations in pencil and brown and red crayon.

       
      A-Wst UE Deposit, Mahler/G.011(D) A copy PF1 with the revisions of 1910, and those made in 1920 added in: may have been created or at least used by Erwin Ratz in 1961.
       
      SECOND EDITION, PROOFS WITH MAHLER'S CORRECTIONS – [n.d.]
CPF2b       A-Wigmg, N/IV/114
        Edition number:     Plate number: 2944
        Select bibliography: SWIVb = EF
       

Proofs incorporating the revisions made in APF3 [?] with further corrections and revisions by Mahler. The wrapper bears the annotation: corrigiert nach den Korrekturen von G. Mahler definitiv Vorlage.

April 2014: This is NOT part of the loan to A-Wn and has not been seen. It needs to be collated with CPF2.

         
  PRINTED STUDY SCORES
PS1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger/Universal Edition, [1906]
       

Title page: [See facsimile: black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER. / PARTITUR. / [In lower shield:] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS / AFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / [motif]·WIEN·[motif] / LUDWIG DOBLINGER / (BERNHARD HERZMANSKY) / [below border, left, in orange:] Lith.v.Jos. Eberle & CWien. // [black:] IN DIE „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / RÓZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL / [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNAL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & C, / 46. BERNERS STREET W.

       

Wrapper: [Front wrapper: violet shield design on green, text in black:] [in upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [lower small shield:] № 952 / [main shield:] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / SOL MAJEUR - G DUR - G MAJOR / PARTITUR [back wrapper: none seen]

       

Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=Orchester-Besetzung; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank

       

Dimensions: 237 x 162–5 (r = 156) [from bound copies]

        Watermark: none
        Printer: none indicated, but presumably Jos. Eberle & C, Wien VII.
       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: i.1906    Price: Mk 6 n.

       

Edition number: 952    Plate number: [2]=G.M.31; 3–125=31

       

Print ordered: unknown    Copies received: unknown   Print run: unknown

       

Copies: A-Was SCO M17 (lacks back wrapper; has a few annotations by Schoenberg); A-Wn MS6902-4° (not examined); GB-Lbl Hirsch M. 238 (bound copy, lacking back wrapper; signed by Hirsch on the title page); GB-LFelixA (current location uncertain); GB-Lpc (2 copies: 1 ex coll. Frederick Sternfeld; both bound and lacking back wrappers); D-B Mus. Km 62 (not seen)

        Select bibliography: RSGMWI, no. 33/II, p. 67 (misdated); B&HIV, 142, 147 (= source P21)
       

Neither the printer's copy used in the preparation of this publication, nor corrected proofs have come to light. This score was a revision of the text of PF1, and subsequently formed the basis of the more extensively revised text that appeared as PF2.

As the following sample listing of revisions made on the first ten pages of score demonstrates, the changes made are not insignificant:

Page  Bar        Instrument Reading: PF1 Reading: PS1
3 1 Tutti Heiter, bedächtig. Nicht eilen  Bedächtig. Nicht eilen
3 4 vn I beat 1: 2 quavers beat 1: quaver, semiquaver, semiquaver rest
4 8 vla, vcl, db   – added to all all dotted quavers
4 10 hn 1   >, mf and   added
4 11 hn 1   p added
5 18 vn 1 beat 1: 2 quavers beat 1: quaver, semiquaver, semiquaver rest
5 19 vcl beat 1: 2 quavers beat 1: quaver, semiquaver, semiquaver rest
5 25 vn II   arco added
5 25 vla, vcl, db beat 3½: redundant beat 3½: no
6 27, 29 vn I fp f
6 27, 29 vn II, vla, vcl,

cb

f mf
6 30 hn 1–4

fl 1–2, ob 23

  omitted

added

6 31 hn 1–4

fl 1–4, ob 1–3

cl 1–3

 

 

Schalltrichter auf.

omitted

added

omitted

7 47–48 cl 1–3   long slurs omitted
8 58 Tutti Sehr gemächlich. (Langsam.)  Plötzlich langsam und bedächtig. (Molto meno mosso.)
  58 bsn 1 p pp
9 65 ob. 2   added
9 66 Tutti Heftig. Etwas eilend
9 66 ob 1–2, cl 1–2,

bsn 1–3, strings 

  added
10 72 db Solo 1. Solo
10 77 vn I   semi-quaver rests added
10 78 ob 1, bcl, bsn 1   semi-quaver rests added
10 80 Tutti   Fliessend. added
11 82 vl II   arco added
11 90 vcl p f
12 91 fl 1–4   semi-quaver rests added
12 93 fl 1, 3–4   semi-quaver rests added
12 91–93  vcl   dynamics revised
12 99–100 vcl   semi-quaver rests added

One notable change concerns bb. 24652 in the second movement (p. 67; see also APFpr1): although the contra-bassoon part originally in the first two bars of  the second system of the page has been removed, the label Ctrfag u. Cb. / unisono remains as the label for the bottom stave of the upper system. Mahler may have deleted the contrabassoon part only in bb. 251–2, but a more likely explanation may be that he decided to eliminate the contra-bassoon doubling entirely, and he and/or the editors at EWZG overlooked the need to revise the label, which was subsequently retained in PF2 and other editions, including SWIVb. [Look at APO]

Details of the negotiations between EWZG, Weinberger and Universal-Edition for the licensing of the score (in study score format) and the piano duet arrangement to UE have not been traced, but were presumably concluded in 1905. When Mahler undertook the revisions to the score is not known and, unhelpfully, the UE Verlagsbuch fails to record the first print order (presumably because it was initiated internally by EWZG - see the Universal Edition page for further details), but UE had already advertised their marketing of the study scores of the first four symphonies in the  Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, on 13 December 1905:

Fig. 1

Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 72/51 (13 December 1905), 1079

Josef Stritzko, the director of the music department at EWZG sent Mahler a copy of the new study score on 5 January 1906, and the composer was duly impressed by the publication (GMBsV, 114–15).

None of the copies listed above can be unequivocally associated with the first impression.

         
PS1a    

FIRST EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger/Universal Edition, [1906]

       

Print ordered: 09.xi.1906    Copies received: 10.xi.1906   Print run: 250

        Copies: no copies identified
         
PS1b    

FIRST EDITION, THIRD IMPRESSION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger/Universal Edition, [1907]

       

Print ordered: not recorded    Copies received: 27.xii.1907   Print run: 200

        Copies: no copies identified
       

The name and address give for the London agency on the title page may have been altered as in 1907 these changed to Ascherberg, Hopwood & Crew, at 16 Mortimer Street (JPVMP, 12).

       
PS1c     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1914]
     

Title page: [black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] / EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN. /  „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN. – LEIPZIG.

     

Wrapper: [front wrapper, lilac design on green/grey background, text in black:] [upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [small shield:] № 952 / [within main space:] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / SOL MAJEUR – G DUR – G MAJOR / PARTITUR; [rear wrapper is blank]

       

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Besetzung des Orchesters; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank.

       

Dimensions: 245 x 174 (r = 156)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Waldheim=Eberle A.G. [p. 125]
       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: U.E. 952    Plate number  U.E. 952

       

Print ordered: 15.xii.1913    Copies received: 23.i.1914   Print run: 200

       

Copies:  US-NYp *MTA (rear wrapper not present) [This cannot be unequivocally associated with this impression.]

        Select bibliography: RSGMWI, no. 33/II, p. 67 (misdated); B&HIV, 142, 147 (= source P22) (misdated)
       

The new form of title-page reflects the transfer of this work from EWZG to Universal Edition in 1910.  The UE Verlagsbuch records three impressions of the study score between 1918 and 1921 (all listed below).

         
PS1d     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1918]
     

Title page: [See facsimile: black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] / EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN. /  „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN. – LEIPZIG.

     

Wrapper: [See facsimile: front wrapper, lilac design on green/grey background, text in black:] [upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [small shield:] № 952 / [within main space:] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / SOL MAJEUR – G DUR – G MAJOR / PARTITUR; [rear wrapper is blank]

       

Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=Besetzung des Orchesters; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank.

       

Dimensions: 250 x 180 (r = 156)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Waldheim=Eberle A.G. [p. 125]
       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: U.E. 952    Plate number  U.E. 952

       

Print ordered: 28.ii.1918    Copies received: 20.ix.1918   Print run: 494

       

Copies: GB-Lpc 2-9600334 (unbound copy, signed by Vespasian Battan [1903–1972] and dated 27 Dez. 1921); GB-Ob Mus. 221 d.368 (bound and trimmed copy; acquisition date (p. [2]) 3 Feb 1968).

       

The association of these copies with this impression is conjectural.

       
PS1e     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, THIRD IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1920]
       

Print ordered: 13.xi.1919    Copies received: 07.v.1920   Print run: 494

        Copies: no copies identified
       

It was presumably ordered in anticipation of the Amsterdam Mahler Festival in May 1920 (in which case the delivery was rather late).

         
PS1f     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, FOURTH IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1921]
       

Print ordered: 23.vii.1920    Copies received: 07.i.1921   Print run: 494

        Copies: no copies identified
       

The UE Verlagsbuch records no further orders of the study score.

         
PS1A     FIRST EDITION, UNIDENTIFIED ISSUE – Vienna: Universal Edition, [n.d.]
     

Title page: [black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] / EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN. /  „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN – LEIPZIG

     

Wrapper: none present

       

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Orchester-Besetzung; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank.

       

Dimensions: 238 x 166 (r = 157)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Stich u. Druck der Waldheim=Eberle A.G. [overprinted on p. 125]
       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: U.E. 952    Plate number:  p. 2: G.M. 31; p. 3: 31 / Universal-Edition Nr. 952; pp. 4, 6: 31 /  U.E. 952; pp. 5, 7–125: U.E. 952

       

Copies: A-Was SCO M15.2 (bound copy, no wrappers)

       

This copy cannot be unequivocally associated with any of the documented impressions.

         

PS1B

   

FIRST EDITION, UNIDENTIFIED ISSUE – Vienna: Universal Edition, [n.d.]

     

Title page: [black, within orange border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / PARTITUR / [in lower shield:] / EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS. / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN. /  „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN. – LEIPZIG.

     

Wrapper: [front wrapper, lilac design on green/grey background, text in black:] [upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [small shield:] № 952 / [within main space:] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / SOL MAJEUR – G DUR – G MAJOR / PARTITUR

       

Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=Orchester-Besetzung; 3–46=I; 47–75=II; 76–99=III; 100–125=IV; [126]=blank.

       

Dimensions: 250 x 178 (r = 157)

       

Watermark: none

       

Printer: none identified

       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Edition number: U.E. 952    Plate number:  p. 2: G.M. 31; p. 3: 31 / Universal-Edition Nr. 952, pp. 4: 31 /  U.E. 952, pp. 5–125: U.E. 952

 

 

 

 

Copies: A-Was Archiv (unbound copy, lacks back wrapper; rubber stamped (p. 3): ARCHIV / des Vereines für musikalisches Privataufführungen / in Wien.)

       

On the title page this copy has a handwritten note in green pencil: Erwin Stein's / arrangement for / Kammerorchester. The score contains various pencil annotations which may well relate to that arrangement, but it also contains neat, red-ink revisions to the text. These probably reflect Stein's knowledge of Mahler's late (and at the time of this copy, unpublished) revisions.

         
  PRINTED MINIATURE SCORES
PM1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: Universal Edition / Wiener Philharmonia Verlag, [1925]
       

Edition number: [U.E. 952; W.Ph.V. 214]     Plate number: [U.E. 952 W.Ph.V. 214]

       

Print ordered: 07.x.1925    Copies received: 04.xi.1925   Print run: 497 (U.E.), 500 (W.Ph.V.)

       

Hofmeister: [no entry]    Price: [M 6]

        Copies: none located Try A-Wn MS67480
        Select bibliography: RSGMWI, nos. 33/V, 33/VI, p. 67 B&HIV, 142, 147 (= sources P32, P33)
       

In 1925 a completely re-engraved new edition was prepared by UE and the Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag (W.Ph.V.) in reduced format (185 x 135). The copy text appears to have been PF2 (i.e. not APFpr2), but with new editorial interventions (e.g. in the first movement, bar 3).¹ In addition, the house style for the Wiener Philharmonia Verlag included an insistence that all German tempo markings were also printed in Italian, and all other instructions were given only in Italian translation – resulting, despite the best efforts of the engravers, in an often cluttered (though useable) score. In the last movement the text is given in German and English. The same plates were used for the parallel issues, and bear double plate numbers (of which the UE number retains that of the study score (PS) despite the fact that the printed text had been newly originated).

According to the Verlagsbuch entry, three impressions of the miniature score were printed between 1925 and March 1938, a total of 2988 copies split between the two publishers (all listed below). Early versions of the forward survive: proofs of the German text by Friedrich Saathen; a typescript of the English translation by Eugene Hartzell; and the manuscript of the French translation, signed S.B. (A-Wst UE Deposit Mahler/G. 015(D)).

       
PM1aue     FIRST EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition, [1927]
     

Title page: VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / [decorative device] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. — Droits d'exécution réservés. /  UNIVERSAL-EDITION /  WIEN — LEIPZIG / [below border:] Printed in Austria

     

Wrapper: [Front wrapper, dark green on light green within dark green rectangular border]  GUSTAV MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / SOL MAJEUR  G DUR  G MAJOR / PARTITUR / [lyre logo] / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / No. 952; [Rear wrapper: dark green on light green; Advert: Studienpartituren moderner Kammermusik / und Orchesterwerke in der Universal-Edition; date code: Nr. 65 X.1927]

       

Analysis: [i]=blank; [ii]=Portrait photograph of Mahler (Szekely, Vienna, 1898); [iii]=tp; [iv]=[brief history of the work]; [iv–v]=FORMÜBERSICHT | SYNOPSIS OF FORM | RÉSUMÉ DE LA FORME; [v]= ORCHESTRA [in Italian]; [vi]=blank; 1–72=I; 43–114=II; 115–149=III; 150–188=IV.

       

Dimensions: 180 x 133 (r = 111) [bound copy]

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Wea[g] [p. 188]
       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Print ordered: 14.x.1927    Copies received: 13.xii.1927   Print run: 400  Advert: X. 1927

       

Copies: GB-Ob mus. 221 e. 141(5) (bound copy; signed and dated in ink on the front wrapper: Robert Ainsworth / Düsseldorf / 1929]

       
PM1apv     FIRST EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: Wiener Philharmonia Verlag, [1927]
       

Print ordered: 14.x.1927    Copies received: 13.xii.1927   Print run: 400 (U.E.), 600 (WPV)

        Copies: none located
         
PM1b     FIRST EDITION, THIRD IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal Edition/Wiener Philharmonia Verlag, [1946]
     

Title page: [See facsimile: black, within double border:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / [decorative device] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. — Droits d'exécution réservés. /  UNIVERSAL-EDITION /  WIEN  / [below border:] Printed in Austria

     

Wrapper: [Front wrapper, dark green on light green within dark green rectangular border (see facsimile)GUSTAV MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE / SOL MAJEUR – G DUR – G MAJOR / PARTITUR / [lyre logo] / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / No. 952; [Rear wrapper: dark green on light green: Advert (see facsimile)]

       

Analysis: [i]=blank; [ii]=Portrait photograph of Mahler (Szekely, Vienna, 1898); [iii]=tp; [iv–v] [brief history of the work], FORMÜBERSICHT | SYNOPSIS OF FORM | RÉSUMÉ DE LA FORME, ORCHESTRA [in Italian]; [vi]=blank; 1–72=I; 43–114=II; 115–49=III; 150–88=IV.

       

Dimensions: 185 x 135 (r = 111)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Druck der Waldheim-Eberle A.G. [p. 188]
       

Printing method: photographically reduced lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Edition number: U.E. 952    Plate number: [iv–v:] W.Ph.V. 214 U.E. 952; 1–188 U.E. 952 W.Ph.V. 214

       

Print ordered: 01.iii.1938    Copies received: 06.ii.1946   Print run: 499 (U.E.), 491 (W.Ph.V.)

       

Copies: GB-Lpc (2 copies, UE issue, ex coll. Etti Zimmer and Harold Truscott)

       

The Verlagsbuch entry for the last order gives a delivery date of 6 February 1946, though the date on the rear wrapper is given as III.1938. Did Waldheim-Eberle manage to keep the stock hidden in store until after WWII?

   
  PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS
PO1   FIRST EDITION – [Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger, ?1902]
       

Make-up of set: 33 parts: fl 1–4; ob 1–3; cl 1–3; bsn 1–3; hn 1–4; tpt 1–3 ; hp; timp; glock, Schelle, cym; bdrum, tr, tam-tam; vn 1; vn 2; vla; vcl; db

       

Dimensions: [vn 1] 343 x 264 (r = 237)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Stich und Druck von Jos. Eberle & C, Wien VII [vn I, p. 1]
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: not listed

       

Edition number: [none]  Plate number: D 2720

       

Copies: A-Wph IV/67 (incomplete: the woodwind and horn parts are copies of the second edition); US-NYph OL443 (complete set)

        Select bibliography: B&HIV, 142, 148 (= source S1WPh)
       

What source was used as the printer's copy for the printed orchestral parts, and their date of publication are both uncertain. The early performances of the first three symphonies had all taken place before Mahler had a publishing contract, so were given from manuscript materials (score and parts) prepared under the composer's supervision. However, by the time of the first performances of the  Fourth, Mahler did have a publisher and it is possible that in this case the score was used as the printer's copy, and a set of parts engraved ahead of the read-through in Vienna on 12 October 1901. The busy schedule of performances between 25 November 1901 and 20 January 1902 (nine in all, conducted by Mahler (4) and Weingartner (5)) would certainly have been less risky if not reliant on a single set of manuscript parts. At the time of the January advertisement (see above), the parts were  described as 'im Druck', a statement that does not preclude either scenario.

There is no Hofmeister entry and the set was assigned a plate number in the general Doblinger sequence, not (as might have been expected) '32' in the sequence used by EWZG for its Mahler publications. Some of the parts in these sets have a note in the bottom left-hand corner of the first page: Stich und Druck von Jos. Eberle & C, Wien VII; the inconsistency implies that there may have been more than one impression, or that this element was printed in a separate process and was sometimes omitted accidentally.

A manuscript copy of the solo violin part in the second movement that omits the use of scordatura (CO3) is kept with the A-Wph set and a similar copy is part of the Theodore Spering collection at . The NYPO set (a facsimile of which is available online) is of interest because it was clearly used for Bruno Walter's recording of the work made in May 1945, and also for the timings of the work, and sometime individual movements noted down by the players. Details are provided in a separate note.

         
APO     PRINTED ORCHESTRAL PARTS USED BY MAHLER
        A-Wn L17.IGMG.12 (formerly A-Wigmg N/IV/21)
        Select bibliography: SWIVb = M; B&HIV, 141, 147 (= source S1GM6)
       

This set of parts is contained in a large black portfolio. In the upper right hand corner of the front cover there is a label pasted on – [type written:] Mappe X. / [hand written:] [...] Material. In the centre of the cover is another label, handwritten by Mahler: [black ink:] 4. Symphonie / Mahler [blue crayon:] 10.

The set is complete and the make up of the string parts is:

Vn I: 8 parts (+ 1 unnumbered part with no rehearsal letters and only annotations by Forstik)
Vn II: 6 parts* (+ 3 unnumbered parts with no rehearsal letters and only annotations by Forstik)
Vla: 4 parts (+ 4 unnumbered parts with no rehearsal letters and only annotations by Forstik)
Vcl: 5 parts (+2 unnumbered parts with no rehearsal letters and only annotations by Forstik)
Db: 4 parts (+ 2 unnumbered parts with no rehearsal letters and only annotations by Forstik)

*It is not clear that the vn II, 6th desk part has been used. The unnumbered part it would seem that the string section used for for the New York performances consisted of no more than 16, 12, 8, 10 & 8 players.

The annotated parts have revisions and corrections by Mahler (red and black ink and blue crayon), Johann Forstik (Vienna copyist), Henry Boewig (New York copyist) and unidentified players (some at least from New York). Although the printed edition is supplied with rehearsal numbers, this set has been provided with additional rehearsal letters, the placing of which do not correspond to the numbers. The intention may have been to provide the performers with additional reference points within the score, to facilitate thorough rehearsal. Similar rehearsal letters are to be found in some parts in the early NYPO part sets (listed in the entries for PO1 and PO2).

This set was used for Mahler's final performances of the work, in New York in January 1911. The vn II fifth desk and viola first and third desk parts have annotations providing an overall timing of 55 minutes; the hn 3 part has timings for individual movements:

 I: 17 mins    II: 9 min;    III: 20 min    IV: 8 min

The first desk string parts and all the wind and percussion parts were used by Erwin Ratz in preparing the IGMG edition, and are identified by the pencil 'R' in the upper right hand corner of the the first page of the part concerned.

[A rectangle of paper has been removed from the upper edge of p. 7/8 in hn I, and the bottom edge of timp p.3/4!]

     
CPO   FIRST EDITION, VIOLIN I PART WITH COPYIST'S REVISION
       

Copies: US-CIu (Gorno Memorial Music Library)

        Select bibliography: B&HIV, 141, 147 (= source S1TS)
       

This first desk part was carefully revised by Johann Forstik to bring it more-or-less in line with the text of PF2. It is not clear when or why it was prepared, or how it came into the possession of Theodore Spiering. It appears not to have been used and contains no annotations. [see corr. with J. Doctor about access to scans.]

         
PO2   SECOND EDITION – [Vienna: Universal Edition, 1912, 1917]
       

Make-up of set: 33 parts: fl 1–4; ob 1–3; cl 1–3; bsn 1–3; hn 1–4; tpt 1–3 ; hp; timp; glock, Schelle, cym; bdrum, tr, tam-tam; vn 1; vn 2; vla; vcl; db

       

Dimensions: [vn I] 308.5 x 235 (r = 237)

        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: not listed
       

Edition number: U.E. 2945   Plate number: U.E. 2945a–e [string parts]; U.E. 2945 [Harmonie (i.e. wind, percussion and harp)]

       

Copies: A-Wph IV/67 (incomplete: only fl 1–4, ob 1–3, cl 1–3, bsn 1–3, hn 1–4);  A-Wph IV/84 (vn 1 and vn 2 parts only); US-NYph OL443 (lacks percussion parts); A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler, G.032(D) [Vorlage for the Ratz Edition, 1961; not examined]; A-Wst U.E. Deposit Mahler, G.033(D) [not examined]

        Select bibliography: B&HIV, 141, 147 (= source S2 (misdated)).
       

The printed parts were revised to bring them in line with the second edition of the full score, but the UE Verlagsbuch implies the new edition was manufactured in stages. Relatively large stocks of the first edition had been transferred from Doblinger to UE in November 1910, but in November 1912, following the appearance of PF2, a new printing of the Harmonie, vn 1 and vn 2 parts were ordered; the lower strings parts followed in 1917. New impressions of the Harmonie set and individual string parts were printed as required up to 1930; thereafter the Verlagsbuch records no further printings until 1963.

Overall the second edition fell below the standards of clarity and general usability that one would expect from an experienced music printing firm and a leading music publisher. Although the parts were engraved – usually a better option than autographiert parts, printed by lithography from writing – this music, which, characteristically for Mahler, is supplied with many detailed performance indications and involves much divisi writing for the strings, requires more space than the engravers allowed. As a result the parts are often cluttered and difficult to read, and in at least one instance include a very unfortunately placed page turn (cellos, movement 1, between bb. 52–53). Elsewhere there is a smattering of wrong notes and incorrect clefs (e.g. horns).

The NYPO set (a facsimile of which is available online) is of interest because it was clearly used for Bruno Walter's recording of the work made in May 1945, and also for the timings of the work, and sometime individual movements noted down by the players. Details are provided in a separate note.

         
  PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS
 

PRINTED VOCAL SCORES

PV1   FIRST EDITION Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger, 1902
     

Title Page: [See facsimile: brown on cream] SYMPHONIE / in / G Dur № 4 / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / [scroll] // [left:] Partitur...netto Image showing double price: Kr. 36.- over Mk. 30.- / Orchester-Stimmen...netto [blank] // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4/ms | arrangiert von J.V.von Wöss netto Image showing double pricing: Kr.9.60 over Mk.8.- // [centre:] Sopran Solo: „Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / („Des Knaben Wunderhorn”) für Gesang und Klavier. netto / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / [in border:] WIEN, LUDWIG DOBLINGER. / [below border:] (Bernhard Herzmansky) / I. Dorotheergasse 10. / Deposé à Paris. London, Ent. Sta.Hall. / Leipzig K.F.Köhler. / [double rule] / Musikaliendruckerei v.Jos. Eberle & C, Wien VII.

       

Wrapper: front wrapper = title page, but brown on mottled green; back wrapper is blank (as in the GB-Lbl copy of PV1a described below)

        Analysis: [1]=tp; [2]=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 344 x 263 (r = 225)
        Watermark: none
       

Printer: Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & C Wien, VII. [wrapper and tp]; Stich und Druck von Jos. Eberle & C Wien VII. [p. 3]

        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: i.1902    Price: Mk 1,80 n.
        Edition number: none    Plate number: 34
       

Copies: A-Wn MS67493-4° [4] (ex coll. Anna Bahr-Mindenburg, lacks wrappers, no markings); D-B Mus. Km 63 (not examined)

        Select bibliography: SWXIII/2b
       

The printer's copy was the manuscript prepared by Weidig in Hamburg (ACV), and subsequently revised by Mahler. The published version was registered with the Verein der Deutschen Musikhändler on 4.i.1902, and advertised in the Neue frei Presse on 19 January 1902 (see PF1 above). It is not known how many issues Doblinger distributed, or the number of copies involved. 

Performances of the song in the version for voice and piano appear to have been uncommon (as yet, none have been traced up to 1914). Presumably within the music profession copies of this publication were used mostly by sopranos, to prepare and rehearse performances of the Symphony, so it is notable that the rehearsal numbers used in the score and instrumental parts were never incorporated into the piano-vocal score.

[This needs to be collated with PF use the BL copy of PV1a]

       
PV1a     FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE Vienna: Universal Edition, 1910
       

Copies: GB-Lbl h. 3965.p. 1. (bound copy, with wrappers; ex coll. Birgit Engell, Hofopernsangerin); A-Wph IV/67

       

Copies of PV1 with a Universal-Edition paste-over covering the original publisher's imprint on the title page. The UE Verlagsbuch records that 59 copies were transferred to Universal-Edition on 17 November 1910 and the paste-overs were presumably applied thereafter. (SWXIII/2b, p. xviii reads this entry in the Verlagsbuch as a reference to a first printing of PV2.)

It is interesting to note that before UE had formally acquired the Mahler rights from EWZG in 1910, Mahler wrote to Emil Hertzka on 19 October 1909 (FWGMV, 203) requesting 8 copies of the piano-vocal score: this may simply reflect the fact that following the departure of Josef Stritzko and J.V. von Wöss from EWZG Mahler had no personal contacts with that firm, and found it easier to make the request via Hertzka.

Birgit Engell (1882–1973) was a German soprano based for most of her career in Denmark: she had a number of Mahler's Lieder as well as the Second and Fourth Symphonies in her repertoire, and performed them widely. The pencil annotations on the front wrapper and title page are presumably autograph signatures; there are also a few faint pencil annotations in this copy.

     
PV2   SECOND EDITION Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, 1911
     

Title Page: [Rust/red on white:] SYMPHONIE / in / G Dur № 4 / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / [scroll] // [left:] Partitur...[blank] / Orchester-Stimmen...netto [blank] // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4/ms....[blank] / arrangiert von J.V.von Wöss // [centre:] Sopran Solo: „Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / („Des Knaben Wunderhorn”) für Gesang und Klavier. / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG / [rule] / DRUCKEREI u. VERLAGSAKTIENGESELLSCHAFT vorm. R.v.WALDHEIM, JOS. EBERLE & C WIEN VII.

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper, lilac on green, text in black:] [Upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield:] 2946 / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / „Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / Sopransolo aus der / IV. Symphonie / Gesang und Klavier / [lower shield = blank]; [back wrapper = adverts dated xi. 1911]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 316 x 240 (r = 226½)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: xi.1911
       

Print ordered: 07.xi.1911    Copies received: 27.xi.1911   Print run: 200

       

Copies: NL-DHnmi Mengelberg Stichting 436c

        Select bibliography: SWXIII/2b
       

Mengelberg's copy is annotated and includes a number of his metronome markings.

         
PV2a     SECOND EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, 1913
     

Title Page: [Violet on white:] SYMPHONIE / in / G Dur № 4 / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / [scroll] // [left:] Partitur (U.E. 2944)...[blank] / Orchester-Stimmen (U.E. 2945)...netto [blank] // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4/ms (U.E. 953)....[blank] / arrangiert von J.V.von Wöss // [centre:] Sopran Solo: „Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / [offset to the right:] („Des Knaben Wunderhorn”) für Gesang und Klavier. / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG / [rule] / DRUCKEREI u. VERLAGSAKTIENGESELLSCHAFT vorm. R.v.WALDHEIM, JOS. EBERLE & C WIEN VII.

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper, lilac on green, text in black:] [Upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield:] № 2946 / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / „WIR GENIESSEN DIE HIMMLISCHEN / FREUDEN” / Sopransolo aus der / IV. Symphonie / Gesang und Klavier / [lower shield = blank]; [back wrapper = adverts dated iv. 1913]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 316 x 240 (r = 226½)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: iv.1913
       

Print ordered: 15.iv.1913    Copies received: 13.v.1913   Print run: 199

       

Copies: US-Wc M1621.M (this copy is not date stamped)

         
PV2b     SECOND EDITION, THIRD IMPRESSION Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, 1916
     

Title Page: [see facsimile: black on off-white: SYMPHONIE / in / G Dur № 4 / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / [scroll] // [left:] Partitur (U.E. 2944)...[blank] / Orchester-Stimmen (U.E. 2945)...[blank] // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4/ms (U.E. 953)....[blank] / arrangiert von J.V.von Wöss. // [centre:] Sopran Solo: „Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / [offset to the right:] („Des Knaben Wunderhorn”) für Gesang und Clavier. / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG / [rule] / DRUCKEREI u. VERLAGSAKTIENGESELLSCHAFT vorm. R.v.WALDHEIM, JOS. EBERLE & C WIEN VII.

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper: see facsimile: lilac on green, text in black:] [Upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield:] № 2946 / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / „WIR GENIESSEN DIE HIMMLISCHEN / FREUDEN” / SOPRAN SOLO AUS DER IV. SYMPHONIE / GESANG UND KLAVIER / [lower shield = blank]; [back wrapper: see facsimile = adverts dated v. 1916]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 310 x 237 (r = 227)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: v.1916
       

Print ordered: 17.v.1916    Copies received: 17.vi.1916   Print run: 99

       

CopiesGB-Lpc (ex coll. Betsy Rijkens-Culp (1884–1958))

         
PV2c     SECOND EDITION, FOURTH IMPRESSION Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, [1920]
     

Title Page: [Black on white: passe-partout title page listing all Mahler songs available from UE]

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper, lilac on green, text in black:] [Upper shield:] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield:]  2946 / [main shield:] GUSTAV MAHLER / „WIR GENIESSEN DIE HIMMLISCHEN / FREUDEN” / SOPRAN SOLO AUS DER IV. SYMPHONIE / GESANG UND KLAVIER / [lower shield = blank]; [back wrapper = adverts dated v. 1919]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 306 x 232 (r = 228½)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: v. 1919
       

Print ordered: 19.v.1919    Copies received: 14.vi.1920   Print run: 200

       

Copies NL-DHnmi Mengelberg Stichting 436c

         
PV2d     SECOND EDITION, FIFTH IMPRESSION, Ger/Eng Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, [1921]
     

Title Page: [Black on white: passe-partout German/English title page listing all the Wunderhorn Songs available from UE]

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper, standard UE rectangular design, dark green on green:] GUSTAV MAHLER / WIR GENIESSEN DIE HIMMLISCHEN FREUDEN / (SOPRAN SOLO AUS DER IV. SYMPHONIE) / IN THE PLEASURES OF HEAVEN WE'RE JOYOUS / SOPRANO SOLO FROM THE 4TH SYMPHONY / [lyre design] / 2946

[back wrapper = adverts dated x. 1920]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 307 x 232 (r = 231)
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: x. 1920
       

Print ordered: 12.x.1920    Copies received: 10.ii.1921   Print run: 495

       

CopiesUS-NYph OL443 (this copy has a second English hand-written translation added in ink)

       

This is the first impression to include the English translation by Addie Funk. Between 1923 and 1936 a further three impressions were issued, totalling 1100 copies (listed below).

         
PV2e     SECOND EDITION, SIXTH IMPRESSION, Ger/Eng Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, [1923]
     

Title Page: [Black on white: passe-partout German/English title page listing all the Wunderhorn Songs available from UE]

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper, standard UE rectangular design, dark green on green:] GUSTAV MAHLER / WIR GENIESSEN DIE HIMMLISCHEN FREUDEN / (SOPRAN SOLO AUS DER IV. SYMPHONIE) / IN THE PLEASURES OF HEAVEN WE'RE JOYOUS / SOPRANO SOLO FROM THE 4TH SYMPHONY / [lyre design] / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / Nr. 2946 / [back wrapper = adverts dated x. 1920]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 303 x 230 (r = 228)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: Weag [p. 15]; Waldheim-Eberle A.G. [back wrapper]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: ix.1923
        Print ordered: 02.x.1923    Copies received: 23.x.1923   Print run: 500
       

CopiesA-Wn M.S.17606 (Pflichtexemplar, 1931) [trimmed copy]

       

This copy is on good quality paper. What is the advert date?

         
PV2f     SECOND EDITION, SEVENTH IMPRESSION Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, [1930]
        Print ordered: 16.v.1930    Copies received: 12.vi.1930   Print run: 300
       

Copies: no copy of this impression has been located

         
PV2g     SECOND EDITION, EIGHTH IMPRESSION, Ger/Eng Vienna, Leipzig: Universal Edition, [1936]
     

Title Page: [Black on white (see facsimile): passe-partout German/English title page listing all the Mahler Lieder available from UE]

       

Wrapper: [front wrapper, standard UE rectangular design, dark green on green:] GUSTAV MAHLER / WIR GENIESSEN DIE HIMMLISCHEN FREUDEN / (SOPRAN SOLO AUS DER IV. SYMPHONIE) / IN THE PLEASURES OF HEAVEN WE'RE JOYOUS / SOPRANO SOLO FROM THE 4TH SYMPHONY / [lyre design] / UNIVERSAL-EDITION / Nr. 2946; [back wrapper = adverts dated xi. 1936]

        Analysis: [1]=tp; 2=blank; 3–15=music; [16]=blank
        Dimensions: 307 x 232 (r = 231)
        Watermark: none
        Printer: Druck der Waldheim-Eberle A.G. [p. 1]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry
        Edition number: 2946    Plate number: U.E. 2946    Advert date: xi. 1936
        Print ordered: 02.xi.1936    Copies received: 20.ii.1936   Print run: 300
       

CopiesGB-Lpc

       

The UE Verlagsbuch records no further orders until 1953.

         
  PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR PIANO DUET
PTp41   FIRST EDITION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs Gesellschaft/]Doblinger, [1902]
     

Title Page: [See facsimile: brown on cream] SYMPHONIE / in / G Dur № 4 / von / GUSTAV MAHLER. / [scroll] // [left:] Partitur...netto Image showing double price: Kr. 36.- over Mk. 30.- / Orchester-Stimmen...netto [blank] // [right:] Clavierauszug à 4 /ms | arrangiert von J.V.von Wöss netto Image showing double pricing: Kr.9.60 over Mk.8.- // [centre:] Sopran Solo: “Wir geniessen die himmlischen Freuden” / (“Des Knaben Wunderhorn”) für Gesang und Klavier. netto / [rule] / Aufführungsrecht vorbehalten. Eigenthum des Verlegers für alle Länder. / Eingetragen in das Vereins-Archiv. Mit Vorbehalt aller Arrangements. / [in border:] WIEN, LUDWIG DOBLINGER. / [below border:] (Bernhard Herzmansky) / I. Dorotheergasse 10. / Deposé à Paris. London, Ent. Sta Hall. / Leipzig K.F.Köhler. / [double rule] / Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & C, Wien VII.

       

Wrapper: [As title page, but brown on mottled green]

       

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–57=III; 58–71=IV; [72]=blank

       

Dimensions: 336 x 262 (r = 238)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Stich der Musikaliendruckerei v. Jos. Eberle & C Wien.VII. [p. 2]
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: i.1902    Price: Mk 8 n.

       

Edition number: none    Plate number: 33

       

Copies: A-Wn F21.Berg 198 (Alban Berg's bound copy, no wrappers; with a few performance related annotations and alterations; bound with a copy of Symphony No. 2, PTp41); D-B Mus Km 64 [not seen]

       

Mahler probably saw the manuscript of the arrangement in the summer of 1901: he reported to Justine on 3 September that it was good and was being printed (GMLJ, 478; GMLJE, 350). It was presumably about this time that he played it through with von Wöss as reported by de La Grange: '[Mahler] let him take the initiative just to see what he would make of the dynamics; when Wöss mistakenly over-emphasised one of them, he simply erased it from the score' (HLGII, 390–1).

The publication was advertised in the Neue frei Presse on 19 January 1902 (see PF1 above). It is not clear whether the fact Mahler did not send a copy of the arrangement to William Ritter when he dispatched a full score on 31 December 1901 reflected a slight delay in printing (GMUB, 145; GMUBE, 141).

         
PTp41a    

FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger/Universal-Edition, [1906]

       

Hofmeister: i.1906    Price: Mk 7,50

        Copies: GB-Lpc
       

Copies of PTp41 with a printed UNIVERSAL-EDITION label pasted over the publisher's imprint. There is evidence that the early UE Verlagsbuch records may be incomplete (see the Universal Edition page for further details), and no printing of the arrangement is listed there until November 1906.  It seems likely that these paste-overs  were added to  unsold copies of the first issue when the arrangement was 'In die Universal-Edition aufgenommen'  at the start of 1906, although other scenarios are possible. Some months before their new impressions had been printed, UE had already advertised their marketing of the piano duet arrangements of the first four symphonies in the the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, on 13 December 1905.

The sale price (in Marks) of the arrangement was 50 Pfennig less than the first issue, but the reduction is not indicated on the copies described.

         
PTp41b    

FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger/Universal-Edition, [1906]

     

Title Page: [Standard UE orange decorative design; text in black:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / J.V. v. WÖSS / [in shield] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / ·WIEN· / LUDWIG DOBLINGER / (BERNHARD HERZMANSKY) / [below the decorativeborder, left, in orange:] Lith.v.Jos. Eberle & CWien. // [black:] IN DIE „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” AUFGENOMMEN. / [left:] BUDAPEST / RÓZSAVÖLGYI ÉS TÁRSÁNÁL / [rule] / POZSONY / STAMPFEL KÁROLYNAL // [centre:] FÜR DEUTSCHLAND BEI / FRIEDRICH HOFMEISTER / LEIPZIG. // [right:] SOLE AGENTS FOR / GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COLONIES / LONDON / E. ASCHERBERG & C, / 46. BERNERS STREET W.

       

Wrappers: [front wrapper, UE type A:] [Upper shield] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield] № 953 / [main] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE  / SOL MAJEUR - G DUR - G MAJOR / PIANO ZU 4 HÄNDEN. / [l.h.:] POUR PIANO À 4/MS [r.h.:] FOR PIANO FOR FOUR HANDS / [bottom shield] J.V. v. WÖSS / [back wrapper=undated advert for keyboard music]

       

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–57=III; 58–71=IV; [72]=blank

       

Dimensions: 317 x 244 (r = 238)

       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: 951   Plate number: 33    Advert date:  none

       

Print ordered: 09.xi.1906    Copies received: 10.xi.1906   Print run: 150

       

Copies: GB-Ob Mus. 123 c.42 (1) (title page overstamped (a) [in blue:] Sole Agents for the / United Kingdom: / Breitkopf & Härtel, / London; (b) [purple circular stamp:] NOVELLO & Co. Ltd / 100 [?] WARDOUR ST. LONDON W. The copy has a hand-written note on the title page verso: B.B.C. June 21 Boult / Eliz. Schumann

       

It is not impossible that the 150 copies supplied in November 1906 were yet more copies of PTp41a (see the Universal Edition page for further details), but new wrappers and title page may have been supplied for the November print run, in which case the copy described above, with its retention of the original plate number, and unusual descriptive content of the front wrapper suggests that it might well be an exemplar of such an impression.

         
PTp41c    

FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, THIRD IMPRESSION – Vienna: [Erste Wiener Zeitungs-Gesellschaft]/Doblinger/Universal-Edition, [1910?]

        Print ordered: 10.xii.1909    Copies received: 31.xii.1911   Print run: 194
        Copies: no copy of this issue has been located
       

The receipt date is anomalous: it seems unlikely that delivery was delayed or postponed for two years, especially since the next order was placed on 18.xii. 1911 (see PTp41d below).

       
PTp41d     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1912]
       

Print ordered: 18.xii.1911   Copies received: 12.i.1912   Print run: 200

        Copies: no copy of this issue has been located
       

The UE Verlagsbuch records a further six impressions between 1913 and October 1935 (the last before the Anschluß), in total an additional 2901 copies (listed below).

         
PTp41e     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, SECOND IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1914]
     

Title Page: [Standard UE orange decorative design; text in black:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / J.V. v. WÖSS / [in shield] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG

       

Wrappers: [front wrapper, UE type A:] [Upper shield] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield] № 953 / [main] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE  / SOL MAJEUR G DUR G MAJOR / KLAVIER ZU 4 HÄNDEN / POUR PIANO À 4 MS PIANO DUET / [bottom shield] J.V. v. WÖSS / [back wrapper=adverts dated XII.1913]

       

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–57=III; 58–71=IV; [72]=blank

       

Dimensions: 308 x 236 (r = 239)

       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: 953   Plate number: U.E. 953    Advert date: XII.1913

       

Print ordered: 15.xii.1913   Copies received: 30.i.1914   Print run: 200

       

Copies: US-Wc M22 4 (not date stamped)

         
PTp41f     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, THIRD IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1919
     

Title Page: [Standard UE orange decorative design, see facsimile; text in black:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / J.V. v. WÖSS / [in shield] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG

       

Wrappers: [front wrapper, UE type A:] [Upper shield] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield] № 953 / [main] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE  / SOL MAJEUR G DUR G MAJOR / KLAVIER ZU 4 HÄNDEN / POUR PIANO À 4 MS PIANO DUET / [bottom shield] J.V. v. WÖSS / [back wrapper=adverts dated III.1919]

       

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–57=III; 58–71=IV; [72]=blank

       

Dimensions: 308 x 236 (r = 239)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: none identified
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: 953   Plate number: U.E. 953.    Advert date: III.1919

       

Print ordered: 18.ii.1919   Copies received: 09.xii.1919   Print run: 198

       

Copies: GB-Lpc

       

This appears to be a relatively late use of the earliest of the UE front wrapper designs

       
PTp41g     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, FOURTH IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1920]
        Print ordered: 03.iv.1920    Copies received: 25.vi.1920   Print run: 1003
        Copies: no copy of this issue has been located
         
PTp41h     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, FIFTH IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1922]
     

Title Page: [Standard UE orange decorative design, see facsimile; text in black:] VIERTE / SYMPHONIE / IN G DUR / VON / GUSTAV MAHLER / KLAVIERAUSZUG ZU VIER HÄNDEN / ARRANGIERT / VON / J.V. v. WÖSS / [in shield] EIGENTHUM DES VERLEGERS / AUFFÜHRUNGSRECHT VORBEHALTEN / „UNIVERSAL-EDITION” / AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT / WIEN-LEIPZIG

       

Wrappers: [front wrapper: black text with ink violet design on light green card, see facsimile:] [Upper shield] ·UNIVERSAL-EDITION· / [next shield] № 953 / [main] GUSTAV / MAHLER / IV. SYMPHONIE  / SOL MAJEUR G DUR G MAJOR / KLAVIER ZU 4 HÄNDEN / POUR PIANO À 4 MS PIANO DUET / [bottom shield] J.V. v. WÖSS / [back wrapper=adverts dated No. 24 VIII. 1922]

       

Analysis: [1]= tp; 2–27=I; 28–41=II; 42–57=III; 58–71=IV; [72]=blank

       

Dimensions: 308 x 236 (r = 239)

        Watermark: none
        Printer: Waldheim-Eberle A.G. [bank wrapper]
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: no entry

       

Edition number: 953   Plate number: U.E. 953.    Advert date: VIII.1922

        Print ordered: 21.vii.1920    Copies received: 18.x.1922   Print run: 500
        Copies: GB-Lbl h.3965.i.2 (bound copy, trimmed, with wrappers, red stamp: 20 SEP 69)
       

The adverts on the back wrapper do not include a listing of the Fifth Symphony. This is a late use of the earliest design for the UE front wrapper.

       
PTp41i     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, SIXTH IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1924]
        Print ordered: 21.vii.1922    Copies received: 06.ix.1924   Print run: 500
        Copies: no copy of this issue has been located
       

It is worth noting that this order was apparently placed in July 1922, before the previous order had been fullfilled, and that delivery of the new order was completed only in September 1924.

       
PTp41j     FIRST EDITION, THIRD ISSUE, SEVENTH IMPRESSION – Vienna: Universal-Edition, [1927]
        Print ordered: 03.vii.1935    Copies received: 31.vii.1935   Print run: 300
        Copies: no copy of this issue has been located
         
 

PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR PIANO, TWO HANDS

   

THIRD MOVEMENT (excerpts); FOURTH MOVEMENT (complete) arr. Ernst Rudolf

PCor2   FIRST EDITION, volume II – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1926
       

Title Page: as for PCor2a but lacking Made in Austria below the border

        Wrappers:  [front:] as for PCor2a ; [rear:] advertisement as for PCor2a, but with date code I/26 
       

Analysis:

 

Page

Content/Title

Bars

 

[1]

Vol. 2 title page

 

 

2–4

III. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz

1–48, 260–65, 275–279

 

5–10

IV. Symphonie / aus dem 3. Satz  

1–129, 154–176+1 bar

 

11–20   

IV. Symphonie / 4. Satz

1–184 [complete]

        Dimensions: 306 x 230 (r = 188 [p. 2; the same as that in PCor])
        Watermark: UNIVERSAL-EDITION [runs horizontally across the sheets]
        Printer: Weag [i.e. Waldheim-Eberle; p. 20]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: xi.1926    Price: Mk 0.70 (paper-bound single volume)
        Edition number: C. 47    Plate numbers: C.C. 47
        Print ordered: 10.v.1926    Copies received: 27.vii.1926   Print run: 1517
        Copies:  A-Wn MS8800-4°/47
       

The Corona-Collection was a series of publications 'offering piano and chamber music, orchestral and choral works in original versions or easy transcriptions for piano solo' (see the series advert). It was available in two formats: in paper-bound volumes, with some of the composers (including Mahler) represented by three or more; and in hard-cover albums devoted to single composers that brought together in one volume the contents of up to three of the relevant paper-bound volumes. In both formats there are two separate paginations: that in the upper fore-edge margin of each page is for the separate paper-bound volume and that in the lower fore-edge margin is for the collective volume. Although originated from the same engraved plates, the separate volume includes additional information (identification of the printer and a dated advertisement).

The arrangements in the Mahler volumes were all by Ernst Rudolf: the arrangements of the songs all reproduce the complete work, while all the others are abridgements of, or selections from, the movement concerned, as noted in the list above. Urlicht is printed in the first volume in the high-voice key to facilitate performance by less skilful players. An abridgement the third movement of the Fourth Symphony is the second item in the second volume, but the arrangement of the vocal finale is of the complete movement and is in the original key.

         
PCor2a   FIRST EDITION, SECOND IMPRESSION, volume II – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1928
       

Title Page: see facsimile

        Wrappers: see facsimile; [rear:] advertisement with date code II/27
        Dimensions: 301 x 228 (r = 213½ [p. 2])
        Watermark: UNIVERSAL-EDITION [runs horizontally across the sheets]
        Printer: Weag [i.e. Waldheim-Eberle; p. 20]
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
       

Edition number: C. 47    Plate numbers: C.C. 47

       

Print ordered: 13.vii.1927    Copies received: 16.i.1928   Print run: 1500

        Copies:  GB-Lpc 2-20180809b

 

 

 

 

 

PCor   FIRST EDITION, collective edition – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1927
       

Title Page: [collective title:] see facsimile; [vol. 1 title:] see facsimile; [vol. 2 title:] see facsimile; [vol. 3 title:] see facsimile

        Cover (boards): [front, with portrait photograph, MA 37:] see facsimile; [rear:] blank
       

Analysis:

 

Page

Content/Title

Bars

 

[i]

collective title page

 

 

[ii]

contents page for the whole album

 

 

[1]

title page

 

 

2–5

I. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz

1–67; 133–170

 

6–7

I. Symphonie / Trio / II. Satz

175–218

 

8–12

I. Symphonie / Canon und Volksweise / III. Satz

1–109+ 3 bars ending in G major

 

13–15

II. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz

1–38+2 bars; 245–299

 

16–18

II. Symphonie / Altsolo / (Urlicht) / IV. Satz [in EGraphic symbol: flat sign major]  

1–68 [complete]

 

18–20

II. Symphonie / Der Rufer in der Wüste / V. Satz

43–96+1 bar

 

[21]

vol. 2 title page

 

 

2224

II. Symphonie / aus dem 2. Satz

1–48, 260–65, 275–279

 

25–30

IV. Symphonie / aus dem 3. Satz

1–129, 154–176+1 bar

 

31–40

IV. Symphonie / 4. Satz

1–184 [complete]

 

[41]

vol. 3 title page

 

 

42–45

VIII. Symphonie / I. Satz / „Veni creator spiritus‟

1–55, 73–88, 108–125+4 bars

 

46–48

VIII. Symphonie / Gretchens Gebet

1093–1141+1 bar

 

49–52

VIII. Symphonie / Chorus mysticus

1149–1572 [end]

 

53–55

IX. Symphonie / Ländler / II. Teil

1–88, 620–621

 

56–60   

Das Lied von der Erde / „Von der Jugend‟

1–118 [complete]

 

[iii]

advert 1

 

 

[iv]

advert 2

 

        Dimensions: (paper size) 306 x 232 (r = 214 [p. 2])
        Watermark: UNIVERSAL-EDITION [runs horizontally across the sheets]
        Printer: none identified
        Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates
        Hofmeister: no entry (only the individual volumes are listed, see below)
        Edition number: C. 316    Plate numbers: 2–20: C.C.46; 22–40: C.C. 47;  42–60: C.C. 48
        Print ordered: [1926]    Copies received: 30.xii.1926   Print run: 504
        Copies:  GB-Lpc 2-9500191
       

The Corona-Collection was a series of publications 'offering piano and chamber music, orchestral and choral works in original versions or easy transcriptions for piano solo' (see the series advert). It was available in two formats: in paper-bound volumes, with some of the composers (including Mahler) represented by three or more; and in hard-cover albums devoted to single composers that brought together in one volume the contents of up to three of the relevant paper-bound volumes. The copy described here is the Mahler album (see below for a description of the relevant paper-bound volume); in both formats there are two separate paginations: that in the upper fore-edge margin of each page is for the separate paper-bound volume and that in the lower fore-edge margin is for the collective volume.

The arrangements in the Mahler volumes were all by Ernst Rudolf: those of songs all reproduce the complete movement (with text), while all the other items are abridgements of, or selections from the movement concerned, as noted in the list above. Urlicht is printed in the high-voice key (EGraphic symbol: flat sign major) to facilitate performance by less skilful players. An abridgement the third movement of the Fourth Symphony is the second item in the second volume, but the arrangement of the vocal finale is of the complete movement and is in the original key.

The Hofmeister entry refers only to the paper-bound volumes, but annotations in the UE Verlagsbuch indicates that the initial impression was printed in a number of small batches in late 1926:

1926

15/10

151

21/10

151

8/12

40

29/12

120

30/12

42

 

504

Why this piecemeal production sequence was adopted is not clear.

         
PCora   FIRST EDITION, collective edition, second impression – Vienna: Universal-Edition, 1928
        Print ordered: 1.i.1928    Copies received: 30.iv.1928   Print run: 501
        Copies:  none identified
       

The UE Verlagsbuch records no further orders.

         
 

PRINTED ARRANGEMENTS FOR SALON or SMALL ORCHESTRA

  FIRST MOVEMENT – arranged by Arnold Wilke
PO1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna-Leipzig-New York: Universal Edition, 1928
     

Title Page: none (the wrapper takes over that function)

       

Wrapper: [Back text and border on red card:] [upper shield:] VINDOBONA COLLECTION / [main panel:] GUSTAV MAHLER / SYMPHONIE IV / I. SATZ / Ist MOVEMENT / Ier MOUVEMENT / A) SALON ORCHESTER | SMALL ORCHESTRA | SALON ORCHESTRE / Flauto, Oboe, Clarinetto I, Tromba I, Trombone, Batteria (Schlagwerk), Violino I (Direction), {2 Expl.} / Violino II (obligato), Viola, Cello, Basso, Harmonium, Piano (Direction)B) KLEINES ORCHESTER | FULL ORCHESTRA | ORCHESTRE COMPLET / Besetzung wie bei A (ohne und Harmonium spielbar) mit folgenden Ergänzungsstimmen : / Orchestration like Edition A (Piano and Harmonium ad lib.) with the following supplementary parts : / Même composition que pour l'édition A (Piano et Harmonium ad lib.) avec les parties supplémentaires suivantes : / Clarinetto II, Fagotto, Corni I/II, Tromba II / [rule] / Arrangement A. Wilke / [rule] / V.C. 70 / UNIVERSAL-EDITION | WIEN | LEIPZIG | NEW YORK

       

Make-up of set: Pf (Direction), harm, vn 1 (Direction)[2 copies], vn II (Obligato), vla, vlc, cb,  fl, ob, cl in A, tpt I in A, trb, Schellen/pk/cym/tr/bd/glock/tam-tam (14 parts)

       

Dimensions: 310 x 237 (r=199 [pf p. 1])

        Watermark: none present
        Printer: Weag. [i.e. Waldheim-Eberle A.G.; p. 16]
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: ii. 1928    Price: M 8 (small orchestra); M 6 (salon orchestra)

       

Edition number: 70    Plate number: V.C. 70

       

Copies:  A-Wn MS16083-4°/70 (Salon Orchestra set only)

       

Vindobona-Collection, 70.  This collection was described as a 'Programme of Modern Masters for all conductors' and was available in two versions: for details see the link to the series catalogue above. The wrapper/cover gives this movement no title. Crucial information (especially relating to cuing of instruments) is in three languages (German, English and French).

As in the case of V.C. 68, all the parts bear the statement 'Copyright 1926 by Universal-Edition', but the fact that the paper used has no watermark, and the significantly higher edition and plate numbers suggests that the production of this material may have been rather later than that of the first three Mahler items in the collections (V.C. 12, 14, 15) and perhaps nearer the date of the Hofmeister entry.

The arrangement is a complete transcription of the movement, and  the placing of rehearsal numbers corresponds to that in the original score. No full score is included: the piano part gives the most complete details of the musical textures. The manuscript of Wilke's arrangement survives (A-Wst UE Leihgabe, Mahler/G. 024(D)).

   
  THIRD MOVEMENT – arranged for Salon Orchestra by Emil Bauer
PO1   FIRST EDITION – Vienna-Leipzig-New York: Universal Edition, 1927
     

Title Page: none (the wrapper takes over that function)

       

Wrapper: [Back text and border on red card:] [upper shield:] VINDOBONA COLLECTION / GUSTAV MAHLER / SYMPHONIE IV / III. SATZ / IIIrd MOVEMENT / IIIèME MOUVEMENT / ANDANTE / A) SALON ORCHESTER | SMALL ORCHESTRA | SALON ORCHESTRE / Flauto, Oboe, Clarinetto I, Tromba I, Trombone, Batteria (Schlagwerk), Violino I (Direction), {2 Expl.} / Violino II (obligato), Viola, Cello, Basso, Harmonium, Piano (Direction)B) KLEINES ORCHESTER | FULL ORCHESTRA | ORCHESTRE COMPLET / Besetzung wie bei A (ohne und Harmonium spielbar) mit folgenden Ergänzungsstimmen : / Orchestration like Edition A (Piano and Harmonium ad lib.) with the following supplementary parts : / Même composition que pour l'édition A (Piano et Harmonium ad lib.) avec les parties supplémentaires suivantes : / Clarinetto II, Fagotto, Corni I/II, Tromba II / [rule] / Arrangement E. Bauer / [rule] / V.C. 69 / UNIVERSAL-EDITION | WIEN | LEIPZIG | NEW YORK

       

Make-up of set: Pf (Direction), harm, vn 1 (Direction) [2 copies], vn II (Obligato), vla, vlc, cb,  fl, ob, cl in BGraphic symbol: flat sign & A, tpt I in BGraphic symbol: flat sign, trb, tr/pk/glock/cym (14 parts)

       

Dimensions: 309 x 238 (r =  194 [pf p. 1])

        Watermark: UNIVERSAL-EDITION [runs horizontally on most pages]
        Printer: Weag. [i.e. Waldheim-Eberle A.G.; pf, p. 11]
       

Printing method: lithographic transfer from engraved plates

       

Hofmeister: xii.1927    Price: M 6,50 (small orchestra); M 5 (salon orchestra)

       

Edition number: V.C. 69    Plate number: V.C. 69

        Print ordered: 04.iv.1927    Copies received: not recorded   Print runs: see below
       

Copies: A-Wn MS16083-4°/69 (Salon Orchestra set only)

       

Vindobona-Collection, 69.  This collection was described as a 'Programme of Modern Masters for all conductors' and was available in two versions: for details see the link to the series catalogue. All the parts bear the statement 'Copyright 1927 by Universal-Edition'. Despite the title given to movement on the front cover, the opening tempo marking on the parts is that of the original score.

The arrangement is a complete transcription of the movement, and the placing of rehearsal numbers corresponds to that in the original score. No full score is included: the piano part gives the most complete details of the musical textures.

The UE Verlagsbuch records there was only one printing of the performance material: 1000 complete sets of the salon orchestra version, together with 300 sets of the extra parts needed for the small orchestra version, and additional parts for vn I (500), vn 2 (100), vla (100), vcl (100), db (100), piano/director (96) to supply replacements/duplicates. No further orders were recorded.

         
        A version with reduced orchestration in the 2-4 movements by Erwin Stein was marked up in a copy of PF1. See A-Wst UE Deposit Mahler/G. 012(D)).
         
 
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